For Providers

Information Sheets



For Patients/Survivors

Click here to download a one-page printable patient handout of support resources

Information Sheets


  • The Courage to Heal - Third Edition - Revised and Expanded : A Guide for Women Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse by Ellen Bass & Laura Davis. Harpers Perennial. February 1990
  • Healing from the Trauma of Childhood Sexual Abuse: The Journey for Women by Karen A. Duncan. Praeger Publishers. August 2004
  • When Survivors Give Birth: Understanding and Healing the Effects of Early Sexual Abuse on Childbearing Women by Penny Simkin & Phyllis Klaus. Classic Day Publishing. April 2004.
  • Beginning to Heal: A First Book for Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse by Ellen Bass and Laura Davis, New York: Harper Collins Publications, 1993
  • Reach for the Rainbow: Advanced Healing for Survivors of Sexual Abuse by Lynne D. Finney, New York: Harper Perennial, 1991
  • What About Me? A Guide for Men Helping Female Partners Deal with Childhood Sexual Abuse by Grant Cameron. Creative Bound, Incorporated / June 1994
  • Broken Boys, Mending Men: Recovery from Childhood Sexual Abuse by S. Grubman-Black: Tab Books, 1990

Websites, Online Resources and Support Groups

Website References

  1. Dube S.R., Anda, R.F., Whitfield, C.L., Brown, D.W., Felitti, V.J., Dong, M., & Giles, W.H. (2005). Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 28(5), 430-438.
  2. Schachter, C.L., Stalker, C.A., & Teram, E. (2001). Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Professionals –Lessons from Women Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse. The National Clearinghouse on Family Violence: Ottawa, Ontario Canada. Retrieved July 19, 2008, from
  3. Simpkins, R. (2006). The effects of sexual abuse on childbearing: Antenatal care. British Journal of Midwifery, 14(3), 162-163.
  4. PEIRSAC (Prince Edward Island Rape and Sexual Assault Center). (2008). A message for health care providers concerning survivors of sexual abuse/assault. Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
  5. Finkelhor D. (1998). Improving research, policy, and practice to understand child sexual abuse. Journal of American Medical Association, 80(21), 1864–1865.
  6. Tudiver, S., McClure, L., Heinonen, T., Kreklewitz, C., and Scurfield,C. (2007). Remembrance of things past: The legacy of childhood sexual abuse in midlife women. A Friend Indeed, 17(4). Retrieved from
  7. Paolucci EO, Genuis ML, Vioilato C. (2001). A meta-analysis of the published research on the effects of child sexual abuse. The Journal of Psychology, 135(1), 17–36.
  8. Golding, J.M., Taylor, D.L., Menard, L., & King, M.J. (2000). Prevalence of sexual abuse history in a sample of women seeking treatment for premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 21(2), 69-80.
  9. Widom C.S. (1999). Post-traumatic stress disorder in abused and neglected children grown up. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(8),1223-1229.
  10. Levitan, R. D., Rector, N.A., Sheldon, T., and Goering, P. (2003). Childhood adversities associated with major depression and/or anxiety disorders in a community sample of Ontario: Issues of co-morbidity and specificity. Depression & Anxiety, 17, 34-42.
  11. Roosa M.W., Reinholtz C., and Angelini P.J. (1999). The relation of child sexual abuse and depression in young women: comparisons across four ethnic groups. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27(1), 65-76.
  12. Lasiuk, G. (2006, June 27) Male Sexual Abuse Survivors Struggle in Relations with Health care Providers. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. Medical News Today. Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
  13. Sexual Assault Center of Edmonton (SACE). (2006). Adult survivors. Retrieved July 26, 2008, from
  14. Kimerling, R., & Calhoun, K.S. (1994). Somatic symptoms, social support, and treatment seeking among sexual assault victims. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 333-340.
  15. Drossman, D.A., Talley, N.J., Leserman, J., Olden, K.W., & Barreiro, M.A. (1995). Sexual and physical abuse and gastrointestinal illness: Review and recommendations. Annals of Internal Medicine, 123, 782–794.
  16. Kirkengen, A.L., Schei, B., & Steine, S. (1993). Indicators of childhood sexual abuse in gynecological patients in a general practice. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 11, 276–280.
  17. Sharkansky, E. (2008). Factsheets: PTSD information for women's medical providers. National Center for PTSD. Retrieved July 27, 2008, from the New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault website:
  18. Dole, P. (1999). Examining Sexually Traumatized Incarcerated Women. HIV Education Prison Project News, 2(6), 5. Retrieved March 26, 2009 from
  19. Putnam, F.W. (1997). Dissociation in children and adolescents: A developmental perspective. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 42, 123-146.
  20. Hartt, J. & Waller, G. (2002). Child abuse, dissociation, and core beliefs in bulimic disorders. Child Abuse and Neglect, 26(9), 923-938.
  21. DiTomasso, M.J., and Routh, D.K. (1993). Recall of abuse in childhood and three measures of dissociation. Child Abuse Neglect, 17, 477-485.
  22. Elliot, D.M., & Briere, J. (1992). Sexual abuse trauma among professional women: Validating the trauma symptom checlist-40 (TSC-40). Child Abuse Neglect, 16, 391-398.
  23. Irwin, H. J. (1994). Proneness to dissociation and traumatic childhood events. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182, 456-560.
  24. Maynes, L.C, and Feinauer, L.L. (1994). Acute and chronic dissociation and somatized anxiety as related to childhood sexual abuse. American Journal of Family Therapy, 22, 165-175.
  25. Hodder-Fleming, L. & Gow, K. (2005). Adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse: Triggers to remembering. Australian Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 33(1), 1-23.
  26. Bowman, K.G. (2007). When breastfeeding may be a threat to adolescent mothers. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 28, 89-99.
  27. Menage, J. (1993). Women’s perception of obstetric and gynaecological examinations. BMJ, 306, 1127–1128.
  28. Rhoades, N. & Hutchinson, S. (1994). Labor experiences of childhood sexual abuse survivors. Birth, 21, 213-220.
  29. Parrat, J. (1994). The experience of childbirth for survivors of incest. Midwifery, 10(1) 26-39.
  30. Klingelhafer, S.K. (2007). Sexual abuse and breastfeeding. Journal of Human Lactation, 23(2), 194-197.
  31. Lawrence, R. A., & Lawrence, R. M. (2005). Breastfeeding: A guide for the medical profession. Philadelphia: Mosby.
  32. Schloredt, K. A., & Heiman, J. R. (2003). Perceptions of sexuality as related to sexual functioning and sexual risk in women with different types of childhood abuse histories. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 16, 275–284.
  33. Leeners, B., Richter-Appelt, H., Imthurn, B., & Rath, W. (2007). Effect of childhood sexual abuse on gynecologic care as an adult. Psychosomatics, 48, 385-393.
  34. Robohm, J.S. & Buttenheim, M. (1996). The gynecological care experience of adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse: A preliminary investigation. Women and Health, 24, 59-75.
  35. Burian, J. (1995). Helping survivors of sexual abuse through labor. The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 20(5), 252-256.
  36. Smith, M. (1998). Childbirth in women with a history of sexual abuse. The Practising Midwife, 1(5) 20-31.
  37. Schachter, C.L., Stalker, C.A., & Teram, E. (1999). Toward sensitive practice: Issues for physical therapists working with survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Physical Therapy, 79, 248–261.
  38. Stalker, C.A., Russell, B.D., Teram, E. & Schachter, C.L. (2005). Providing dental care to survivors of childhood sexual abuse: Treatment considerations for the practitioner. Journal of the American Dental Association, 136(9), 1277-1281.
  39. Tips for abuse survivors and their dentists. (2004). Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Dental Fear Central: Official Site Web Site:
  40. Leeners, B., Stiller, R., Block, E., Gorres, G., Imthurn, B., & Werner, R. (2007b). Consequences of childhood sexual abuse experiences on dental care. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 62(5), 581-588.
  41. Gold, S.N., Hill, E.L., Swingle, J.M., and Elfant, A.S. (1999). Relationship between childhood sexual abuse characteristics and dissociation among women in therapy. Journal of Family Violence, 14(2). 157-171.
  42. Rose, A. (1992). Effects of childhood sexual abuse on childbirth: One woman’s story. Birth, 19(4), 214-218.
  43. Heritage, C. (1998). Working with childhood sexual abuse survivors during pregnancy, labor, and birth. Journal of Obstetrical, Gynecological and Neonatal Nursing, 27, 671.
  44. Weijenborg, P.T., de Koning, B.A., & van Roosmalen, G.J. (2001). Individualized obstetrical care for women with a history of sexual abuse. Dutch Journal of Medicine, 145(9), 393-396.
  45. Weaver, P.L., Varvaro, F.F., Connors, R., & Regan-Kubinski, M.J. (1994). Adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse: Survivor's disclosure and nurse therapist's response. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 32(12), 19-25.
  46. Weinreb, L., Fletcher, K., Candib, L., and Bacigalupe, G. (2007). Physicians’ Perceptions of Adult Patients’ History of Child Abuse in Family Medicine Settings. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 20 (4): 417-419.
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  48. Candib, L.M. (1995). Medicine and the family: A feminist perspective. New York: Basic Books.
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  51. Teram, E., Stalker, C., Hovey, A., Schachter, C., and Lasiuk, G. (2006). Towards malecentric communication: Sensitizing health professionals to the realities of male childhood sexual abuse survivors. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 27, 499–517.
  52. Herman, J. L., (1997). Trauma and Recovery: The aftermath of violence –from domestic abuse to political terror. Basic Books: New York.
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